ADMINISTRATION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT, 2015

CENTER FOR LAWS OF NIGERIA: FEDERAL LAWS

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ADMINISTRATION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT, 2015

EXPLANATORY MEMORNDUM

This Act provides for the administration of criminal justice system which promotes efficient management of criminal justice institutions. speedy dispensation of justice, protection of  the society from crimes and protection of the rights and interest of the suspect, the defendant and victims in Nigeria.

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

PART 1 -PRELIMINARY

1.     Purpose.

2.     Application.

PART 2 -ARREST, BAIL AND PREVENTIVE JUSTICE

3.     Arrest generally.

4.     Mode of arrest.

5.     No unnecessary restraint.

6.     Notification of cause of arrest and rights of suspect.

7.     Arrest in lieu prohibited.

8.     Humane treatment of arrested suspect.

9.     Search of arrested suspect.

10.    Inventory of property of arrested suspect.

11.    Examination of arrested suspect.

12.    Search of place entered by suspect sought to be arrested.

13.    Power to break out of a house or place for purpose  of liberation.

14.    Arrested suspect to be taken immediately to police station.

15.    Recording of arrests.

16.    Central Criminal Records Registry.

17.    Recording of statement of suspects.

18.    Arrest by police officer without warrant.

19.    Refusal to give name and residence.

20.    Arrest by private persons.

21.    Arrest by owner of property.

I  

22.    Arrest of suspect doing damage to public property.

23.    Handing over of an arrested suspect by private person.

24.    Offence committed in presence of Judge or Magistrate.

25.    Arrest by Magistrate.

26.    Arrest for offence  committed in presence of Judge, Magistrate or Justice of the Peace.

27.    When public is bound to assist in arrest.                                                                                                                 

28.    Pursuit of suspect into other jurisdictions.

29.    Quarterly report of arrests to the Attorney-General.

30.    Release on bail of a suspect arrested without warrant.

31.    Power to release on bail before charge is accepted.

32.    Remedy of suspect detained in custody.

33.    Police to report to supervising Magistrates.                                                                                                              

4.     Chief Magistrate to visit police stations every month.

PART 3  – WARRA.NTS  

35.    General  authority to issue warrant.                                                                                                                           

36.    Form and requisites of warrant of arrest.

37.    Warrant to be issued on complaint only if on oath.

38.    Warrant may be issued on any day.

39.    Warrant, to whom directed and duration.

40.    Warrant of arrest may in exceptional cases be directed to other persons.

41.    Public summons for person absconding.

42.    Publication  of public summons.

43.    Execution of warrant  and procedure.

44.    Power to arrest on warrant  but without-the warrant.

45.    Court may direct particulars  of security to be taken  on execution  of warrant.

46.    Procedure on arrest of suspect outside division or district of court issuing warrant.

47.    Warrant issued by the Federal  High Court.

48.    Re-arrest of suspect  escaping.

49.    Provisions of sections  12 and  13 to apply to arrests under  section  48.

PART 4- PREVENTION OF OFFENCES AND  SECURITY  FOR GOOD BEHAVIOUR

50.    Police to prevent  offences  and injury to public  property.

51.    Information of design to commit offence.

52.    Arrest by police to prevent offences.

53.    Prevention  by other public  officers of offences  and injury to public property.

54.    Power of Magistrate  to require execution  of recognizance for keeping peace

55.    Security for good behaviour for suspected persons.

56.    Security for good behaviour for habitual  offenders.

57.    Order to be made.   

58.    Procedure  in respect  of suspect present  in court.

59.    Summons or warrant  in case of suspect not present.

60.    Copy of order under section 59 to accompany summons or warrant.

61.    Power to dispense with personal  attendance.

62.    Inquiry as to truth of information.

63.    Order to give security.

64.    Discharge  of suspect informed against.

PART 5  – PROCEEDING  IN ALL CASES  SUBSEQUENT  TO  ORDER   TO FURNISH SECURITY

65.    Commencement of period for which  security is required.

66.    Conditions  of recognizance.

67.    Power to reject  sureties.

68.    Procedure  on failure of suspect  to  give  security.

69.    Power to release  suspect  imprisoned  for failure  to give security.

70.    Power of High Court to cancel recognizance.

71.    Discharge  of sureties.

PART 6- PUBLIC NUISANCE

72.    Conditional  order for removal  of nuisance.

73.    Service  of order.

74.    Suspect to whom order is addressed  to obey or appear  before  court.

75.    Consequences of failure to obey order or to appear.

76.    Procedure where suspect  appears.

77.    Consequences of disobedience to order made  absolute.                                                                                            

78.    Order pending inquiry.

79.    Prohibition of repetition  or continuance of nuisance.                                                                                                          

PART 7 – ATTACHMENT WHERE A  PERSON  DISOBEYS SUMMONS  OR WARRANT

80.    Attachment of property of suspect  absconding.

81.    Order to attach property.

82.    Restoration  of attached  property.

83.    Issue of warrant in  lieu of or in  addition to summons.

84.    Power to take bond for appearance.

85.    Provisions of this Part generally applicable to summons  and warrant.

PART  8  –  PROVISIONS  RELATING  TO  CRIMINAL TRIALS  AND   INQUIRIES  IN GENERAL

86.    Application  of Part  8.

87.    General authority to bring suspect before a court.

88.    Right of making  complaint.

89.    Form of complaint.

90     Form of documents  in criminal proceedings.

91.    Rule as to statement  of exception.

92.    Limitation of period  for making a private  complaint.

PART 9 – PLACE  OF TRIAL OR INQUIRY

93.    Venue generally.

94.    Offence at sea or outside  of Nigeria.

95.    Offence committed  on a journey.

96.    Offence commenced and completed in different States.

97.    Chief Judge to decide  question as to court of inquiry or place  of trial.

98.    Chief Judge may transfer  a case.

99.    When cases may be remitted  to another court.

100.  Removal under warrant.

101.  Transfer of case where cause of complaint has arisen out of jurisdiction of court.

102.  Court may assume jurisdiction under certain conditions.

103.  Assumption  of jurisdiction after commencement of proceedings.

PART 10 -POWERS  OF THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL

104.  Information by the Attorney-General.

105.  Issuance of legal  advice  and other directives to police.

106.  Prosecution  of offences.

PART  II  – CONTROL OF CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS BY THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL

107.  Discontinuance of criminal  cases.

108.  Withdrawals  from prosecution in trials  and inquiries  before a court.

PART  12 – INSTITUTION OF PROCEEDINGS

109.  Different methods  of instituting criminal proceedings.

110.  Mode of instituting  criminal proceedings  in  a Magistrate court.

111.  Returns by Comptroller-General of Prisons.

PART  13 – FIRST INFORMATION REPORT

112.  Procedure  for receiving complaint  and first information report.

PART  14-ENFORCING APPEARANCE OF SUSPECT

113.  Compelling  appearance of a suspect.

114.  Summons  and wan-ants.

115.  Making  of complaint and issue of process.

PART  15  –  ISSUE,  FORM  AND SERVICE OF SUMMONS

116.  Issue and service

117.  Issue of summons and contents.

118.  Hearing by consent  before return date of summons.

119.  Summons with  immediate return date in special  circumstances.

120. Discretion in ex parte  application.

121. Summons to be in duplicate.

122. Service of summons.

123. Normal methods of effecting service,

124. Service where person  summoned  cannot be found.

125.  Service  on public  officers.     

126. Service  outside jurisdiction of court.

127. Proof of service when  serving  officer not present .

128. Receipt of service of summons.

129. Person refusing to sign receip1 may be arrested.

130. Proof of service.

131. Summons disobeyed,  warrant  may be issued.

132. Issue of warrant for suspect in the first instance.

133. Application of sections  35  to 4 7 to such warrant.

134. Warrant may be issued  before or after return date of summons.

135. Power to dispense with personal  attendance of defendant in  certain cases.

PART 16-MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS REGARDING PROCESS

136. Irregularity in summons,  warrant,  service, or arrest.

137. Irregularities which vitiate proceedings.

138. Variance between charge  and complaint.

139. Process valid notwithstanding death or vacation  of office  of person issuing.

PART 17  – SAVING OF VALIDITY OF PROCESS

140. Validity of process:  warrant  of commitment and warrant of distress.

141. General addressee of process for issue and execution.

142. Certain provisions  applicable to all summonses  and warrants  in  criminal  matters.

PART 18- SEARCH \VARRANTS

143. Application  for search warrant

144. Cases in which search warrants  may be issued.

145. Discharge  of suspected  person.

146. Search warrant  to be signed by Magistrate  or Justice  of the Peace.

147. Search warrant to whom  directed.

148. Time when search warrant may be issued  and executed.

149. Person in charge  of closed place  to allow access.

150. Occupant of place  searched may attend.

151. Execution of search warrant outside jurisdiction.

152. Magistrate  may direct  search in his presence.

153.  Detention  of articles recovered.

154. Perishable articles may be disposed  of by court.

155. Search for and disposal  of gunpowder.

156. Disposal  of counterfeit currency  and certain other thing.

157. Transmission to court of other State.

PART 19 – BAIL AND  RECOGNIZANCE:  GENERALLY

158. General  entitlement to bail.

159.  Power of court to order person  in custody to be brought  before it.  

160.  Recognizance by parent or guardian  of a child.

161.  Bail where  a suspect  is charged  with  capital offence.

162. Bail where  a defendant is charged  with offence  exceeding three  years  imprisonment.                                              l

163. Bail where  a defendant is charged  with offence not  exceeding three  years  imprisonment.

164.  Bail in respect  of matters  in other offences.

165.  Conditions  for bail.

166. Recognizance in respect  of a child.

167.  Sureties.

168.  Judge may vary bail fixed by Magistrate  or police.

169.  Reconsideration  of bail.

170. Before whom recognizance may be executed.

171.  Release on execution  of recognizance.

172.  Mode of entering into recognizance.

173.  Continuous bail.

174.  Defendant  bound by recognizance to appear before  a court  or police  may  be  committed to prison.

175.  Reconsideration  of amount  of bail on application  by law  officer  or police.

176.  Variation of a recognizance if surety unsuitable.

177.  Discharge of sureties.

178.  Order of fresh security  upon original  order.

179.  Forfeiture of recognizance.

180.  Mitigation of forfeiture.

181.  Where defendant  fails to find surety.

182.  Forfeiture on conviction.

183.  Where recognizance  forfeited warrant  may be issued.

184.  Arrest on failure to appear.

185.  Payment on recognizance.

186.  Appeal.

187.  Registration of bondsperson.

188.  Bondspersons may arrest absconding defendant  or suspect.

PART 20–PROPERTY AND PERSONS

189.  Methods of stating multiple ownership  of property.

190.  Description of persons  in criminal  process.

191.  Remedies of married  woman  against  her  husband  and  others  in  respect   of  her  person   or property.

192. Husband and wife competent  as witnesses.

PART21  –  THE CHARGE

193. Forms of charges in  Second  Schedule to be used and adapted.

194.  Offence to be stated in charge.

195.  Legal  presumption of charge.

196.  Particulars in charge.

197.  Charge of criminal breach  of trust.

198.  Charge of criminal  falsification of accounts.

199.  Charge may contain the manner  in which the offence was committed.

200.  Sense of words used in  charge.

201.  Description of property  and joint owners.

202.  Description of bank or currency  notes.

203.  Provision as to statutory  offences.

204.  Description of persons.

205.  Description of document.

206.  General rule as to description.

207.  Statement of intent.

208.  Defendants who may be charged jointly.

209. Separate charges  for distinct  offences.

210.  Attempt same as substantive offences.

211. Trial for more than one offence.

212.  Offences falling within two definitions.

213.  Acts constituting one  offence but constituting a different offence when  combined.

214.  Where it is doubtful  which offence has been committed.

215.  Incidental offences  in the same transaction.

PART 22 – ALTERATION OR AMENDMENT OF CHARGES

216.  Alteration and amendment of charge by permission of court.

217. Procedure on alteration  of charge.

218.  When court may proceed  with trial  immediately after altering,  adding to  or framing charge.

219.  Recall of witnesses when charge is revised.

220.  Effect of error.

221.  Objection to a charge.

222.  Effect of material  error.

PART 23 – CONVICTION WHEN  CHARGED WITH ONE  OF SEVERAL  OFFENCES OR OF ANOTHER  OFFENCE

223.  Where defendant charged with one offence may be convicted of another.

224.  Full offence charged,  attempt proved.

225.  Attempt  charged, full offence proved.

226.  Liability as to further prosecution.

227.  On charge  of an offence  conviction  as accessory after the  fact to that  or connected  offence may follow.

228.  Defendant tried for lesser offence but a higher offence is proved.

229.  Conviction of kindred offences relating  to property.

230.  Defendant  charged with burglary may be convicted of kindred offence.

231.  On charge of rape  conviction  under  defilement, incest,  unnatural or  indecent  assault may follow.

232.  Procedure  for trial on charge for certain  offences.

233.  On charge of defilement  conviction of indecent  assault  may  follow.

234.  Where murder or infanticide  is  charged  and concealment of birth is proved

235.  Where murder is charged  and infanticide is proved.

236.  Where  offence proved  is not included  in  offence  charged.

237.  Withdrawal of remaining  charges  on conviction or, one  of several  charges.

PART 24 –   PREVIOUS ACQUITTALS  OR CONVICTION

238.  Defendant convicted  or acquitted  not to be tried  again for same  or kindred offence.

239.  A defendant may be tried again  on separate  charge  in certain  cases

240.  Consequences  supervening or not known  at previous trial.

PART 25 – WITNESSES: COMPELLING ATTENDANCE AND  TAKING  OF OATH  OR MAKING OF AFFIRMATION

241. Issue of summons  for witness.

242. Service  of summons  and other processes on witnesses

243. Warrant  for witness  after summons.

244.  Issue  of warrant for witness.                                                                                                                                         

245. Mode of dealing with witness  arrested  under  warrant.                                                                                                

246. Penalty on witnesses refusing  to attend.

247. Non-attendance of witness on adjourned hearing.

248. Persons  in court may be required to give evidence  though  summoned.

249. Manner  of taking  oath or affirmation.

250. Witness  refusing to be sworn,  or produce  documents.

PART 26 – WITNESSES:  EXPENSES

251. Expenses  of witnesses for the  prosecution.

252   Expenses of witnesses  for the defence.

253   Adjournment may be granted subject to witnesses’  costs.

254   Ascertainment of witnesses’  expenses.  

PART 27 -EXAMINATION OF WITNESSES

255   Application of the Evidence  Act.   

256   Power to call or recall witnesses.   

257   Certificates of certain government technical  officers.      

258   Right of reply.    

259   Public to have access to hearing.  

260   Court may exclude certain persons  while taking  evidence  of a child or young  person.     

261   Order under section 259 or 260 not to apply to press and certain others.

262   Prohibition on children being present  in court during the trial  of other persons.   

263   Visit by court to locus. 

264   Determination  of age.

265   Age in relation to offences.  

266   Presence of defendant at trial.      

267   Conduct of cases by legal practitioner for complainant or for defendant.

268   General control of prosecution by the Attorney-General.   

269   Position in court of person  summoned.  

PART 28- PLEA BARGAIN  AND PLEA  GENERALLY    

270   Plea bargain guidelines.       

271   Plea to information or charge.      

272   Proof of previous conviction.

273.  Effect of plea of not guilty.   

274.  Effect of plea of guilty.

275.  Amending  charge where defendant pleads  guilty to offence not charged.

276.  Failure to plead due to malice  or otherwise.   

277.  Pleas:  autrefois acquit or convict, pardon.     

PART 29 – PERSONS  OF UNSOUND MIND      

278.  Procedure  when defendant  is suspected  to be of unsound  min       

279.  Report from medical  officer.

280.  Certificate of medical  officer.       -.

281.  Release  of defendant of unsound  mind pending  investigation  or trial.      

282.  Resumption  of proceedings  or trial.     

283.  Resumption  of proceedings  after release  under  section 281.  

284.  Where defendant appears to have been of unsound  mind.       

285.  Safe custody of defendant  discharged. 

286.  Order of the Attorney-General  in pursuance to section  285.    

287.  Observation  of prisoners  of unsound  mind.               .

288.  Procedure  when defendant  of unsound  mind is reported  to be able to make his defence.

289.  Procedure where defendant  of unsound  mind  is reported fit for discharge.                    

290.  Transfer from one place of custody  to another.   

291.  Delivery  of defendant of unsound  mind to care of relative.                                                                                          

292.  Removal to another  State.                                                                                                                                                    

PART 30- DETENTION  TIME  LIMITS                                                                                                                        

293.  Applications  for remand  or other interlocutory proceedings.

294.  A court may remand in prison custody.

295.  Court may grant bail in remand  proceedings.

296.  Time and protocol  for remand  orders. 

297.  When court may exercise power of remand.   

298.  Court may bring up person remanded  or make  any order during remand.

299.  Place of remand.

PART  31 –  PRESENTATION  OF  CASE BY PROSECUTION AND DEFENCEAND CONCLUSION OF TRIAL          

300.  Presentation of case for prosecution.             

301.  Defendant’s case.               

302.  No case submission at the instance of the court.             

303.  No case submission by the defence and replies.              

304.  Defence  and prosecutor’s right of reply,        

305.  Reference to the Court of Appeal.         

306.  Stay of proceedings.           

307.  Consideration of case by court and announcement of finding.            

308.  Judgment  to be in writing.           

309.  Defendant to be discharged  where found not  guilty.               

310.  Procedure  on finding  of guilty.            

311.  Sentence and sentencing hearing.         

312.  Recommendation for mercy.        

313.  Conviction on other charges pending.            

314.  Compensation to victim  in judgment.            

315.  Delivery  of judgment when Judge or Magistrate is  unavoidably absent.             

316.  Warrant  of commitment.            

317.  Authority  for carrying  out sentence  other than  of death.               

318.  Error or omission  not to affect legality of act.        

PART  32-  COSTS, COMPENSATION, DAMAGES AND RESTITUTION

319.  Power  of court to order payment  of expenses  or compensation

320.  Payment  to be taken  into consideration in subsequent civil  suit.

321.  Power  of court to order restitution.

322.  Cost against private  prosecutor.

323.  Compensation in cases of false and vexatious accusation .

324.  Injured  person  may  refuse  to  accept  compensation,  but payment  of  compensation  is bar  to further  liability.

325.  Monies  paid as compensation, recoverable as fines .

326.  Warrant for levy  of fine.

327.  Powers  of court when  convict is sentenced  to only fine.

328.  Wrongful  conversion or detention of property and award  of damages.

PART  33 – CUSTODY, DISPOSAL RESTORATION OF PROPERTY

329.  Meaning of “property”.

330.  Order for custody  and disposal  of property pending trial

331.  Order for disposal  of property  after trial.

332.  Custody or sale of property .

PART 34  –  SEIZURE,  FORFEITURE, CONFISCATION AND DESTRUCTION OF INSTRUMENTALITY OF CRIME                                                                                                                       

333.  Seizure  of things  intended to be used in  commission of crime.                                                                                     

334.  Destruction of seditious, prohibited or obscene  publications and  of obscene  objects.

335.  Search warrant  may be used to search for things  subject  to section  333  or 334.

336.  Restoration  of possession of immovable property.

337.  Procedure on seizure  of property taken during  arrest  or investigation  or stolen

338.  Procedure where  owner  of property  seized  is  unknown.

339.  Power to sell perishable property.

340.  Payment to innocent person of money found on defendant .

341.  Restitution  and disposition of property found on defendant.

342.  Restitution of stolen property  .

343.  Destruction  of articles relating to counterfeiting where charge  is laid.

344   Destruction of articles relating to counterfeiting where no charge  is laid.

345.  Detention  and destruction  of counterfeit currency,  etc.

346.  Mode of dealing with forfeiture not pecuniary.

PART 35 – SUMMARY PROCEDURE IN PERJURY

347.  Summary procedure  in perjury.

PART 36 – TRIALS AND SUMMARY TRIALS GENERALLY

348.  Trials.

349.  Non-appearance and non-representation of legal practitioner.                                                                            

350.  When summary trials shall be held.                                                                                                                        

351.  Non-appearance of complainant.

352.  Non-appearance of defendant.

353.  Non-appearance of both parties.                                                                                                                              

354.  Appearance  of both parties.

355.  Withdrawal of complaint.

356.  Manner of hearing.

357.  Discharge  of defendant when no case to answer.

358.  Defence.                                                                                                                                                                      

359.  Process  for compelling  production  of evidence  at instance  of defendant.                                                         

360.  Saving as to section 358 (a).                                                                                                                                           

361.  Evidence  in reply.

362.  Power to take deposition  in certain cases.

363.  When statement  may be used in evidence.

364.  Notes of evidence to be recorded      electronically  or in writing.

365.          Local inspection.

366.  Cross complaints.

367.          Joinder  of complaints.

368.          Giving of decision upon conclusion  of hearing.

369.          Power to bind parties to be of good behavior.

370.          Effect of judgment  of dismissal  on merits, not on merits  and without prejudice.

371. Summary  trial of child by Magistrate.

372. Power to remand.  

373. Law officer may require  case to be adjourned or dealt with  specially.

374.  Adjournment for law officer’s  decision.

375.  Security for peace in cases tried summarily.

376. Case files, legal  advice, and related proceedings.

PART 37 – TRIALS BY WAY OF INFORMATION        

377.  Form of information

378.  Contents  of information.

379.  Contents  of information, proof of evidence,  etc.

380.  Application  of rules relating  to charges.

381.  Filing of information,

382.  Assignment of information and issuance of notice  of trial.

383.  Information by private  person.             

384.  Conditions for private prosecutors.

385.  Venue.

386.  Change of venue.

387.  Effect-of change  of venue.

388.  Form  of notice  of trial.

389.  Copy of information  and notice of trial  to be delivered  to Sheriff.

390.  Time and mode  of summoning  parties on information.

391.  Service of notice  of trial  on witnesses.

392.  Registered courier  companies  may serve processes.

393.  Return of service.

394.  Warrant where defendant  does not appear.

395.  Law officer or legal  practitioner  for State and defence  in capital cases.

396.  Time for raising  certain  objections, day-to-day trial  and adjournments.

397.  Attendance  of witness bound by recognizance to attend.

398.  Warrant for arrest of witness not attending on recognizance.

399.  Warrant for arrest of witness disobeying  summons,

400.  Fine for non-attendance of witness.

PART 38 – PROVISIONS RELATING  TO SENTENCE  OF DEATH

401.  Construction of provisions relating to punishments.

402.  Death.

403.  How death sentence is to be carried out.

404.  Sentencing in the case of pregnancy.

405.  Sentencing  in the case of a child offender.

406.  Authority  for detention of convict.

407.  Judge’s  certificate  of  death  sentence  to  be  sufficient  and  full  authority for  execution of convict, unless  be is pardoned  or reprieved.

408.  Steps to be taken by the Registrar.

409.  Convict may  send request  to committee  on prerogative of mercy.

410.  State at which President is to consider report.

411.  Where a pardon  or reprieve  is  granted.

412.  Copy of order to be sent to Judge.

413.  Where pardon  or reprieve  is not granted.

414.  Copy of order to be sent to prison official.

PART  39  –  PROCEDURE WHERE  WOMAN  CONVICTED  OF CAPITAL OFFENCE IS ALLEGED TO BE PREGNANT

415.  Procedure where  woman   convicted  of  capital  offence  is  alleged  to  be  pregnant  or  who becomes  pregnant.

PART  40 – SENTENCING GENERALLY OTHER THAN CAPITAL SENTENCE

416.  Court to determine term of imprisonment.

417.  Power to order  detention for one day in precincts of the  court.                                                                                      

418.  Consecutive  sentence of imprisonment.                                                                                                                             

419.  Date from which  sentence commences.                                        

420.  Default  in payment of fine.

421.  Execution of sentence on escaped convict                                                                                                                       

422.  Fine in default  of imprisonment

423.  General provision  on review  of sums of amount.

424.  General  power  of awarding  imprisonment in  default  of payment of penalty.

425.  Scale  of imprisonment for non-payment  of money  ordered  to be paid.

426.  Limitation  of imprisonment in  default of payment of fine.

427.  Payment and allocation of fines and fees.

428.  Power to commit defendant  in certain cases.

429.  Allowance of further time and payment by instalments.

430.  Payment of penalty to person  executing warrant.

431.  Commencement  of imprisonment pursuant  to a warrant.

432.  Varying or discharging  order for sureties.

433.  Right  of person  imprisoned  in  default to  be  released  on  paying sum  and  effect  of  part payment.

234.  Fines may be ordered to be recoverable  by distress.

435.  Warrant of distress.

436   Procedure on the execution of distress warrant.

437.  Part payment to reduce period of imprisonment in proportion.

PART  41 – DETENTION  IN  A  SAFE  CUSTODY   OR  SUITABLE   PLACE  OTHER THAN PRJSON OR MENTAL  HEALTH ASYLUM

438.  Conditions  attached  to  detention  in  a safe  custody  or  suitable  place other  than  prison   or mental asylum

PART 42- DEPORTATION

439.  Meaning of “deport”

440.  Court  may  recommend   deportation   for  offences   punishable  by   imprisonment   without option.

441.  Deportation  in default of security for the peace.

442.  Deportation  in case of dangerous  conduct.

443.  Procedure prior to court recommending deportation under sections 441 and 442.

444.  Procedure  for recommendation of deportation  under sections 441, 442 and 443.

445.  Detention  of person  concerned.

446.  Order of deportation.

447.  Minister of Interior may withhold Order and remit case to court.

448.  Citizens of Nigeria not be deported.

449.  Provisions as to. sentence  of deportation.

450.  Deportation  order may be limited.

451   Execution  of deportation  order.

PART 43 – CHILD OFFENDERS

452.  Procedure  for trying child offenders.

PART 44 -PROBATION AND NON-CUSTODIAL ALTERNATIVES

453.  Meaning  of probation  order.

454.  Conditional  release  of  defendant and payment   of  compensation  for  loss  or  injury   and  of costs.                                       

455.  Probation orders and conditions of recognizance.

456.  Relieving probation  officer  of his duties.

457.  Duties of probation  officers.

458.  Variation of terms and conditions of probation.

459.  Provisions  in case of convict  failing to observe  conditions  of release.

460.  Suspended  sentence and community service.

461.  Arrangements for community service.      

462.  Performance of community service  order.

463.  Default of convict in complying with  community service order.

464.  Commission  of further  offence.

465.  Amendment,  review and discharge  of community  service orders.

466.  Discharge  of community  service  orders.

467.  Confinement in rehabilitation and correctional centre.

PART 45-PAROLE

468   Court may direct release of prisoner before completion of sentence.

PART  46   –   THE  ADMINISTRATION   OF  CRIMINAL  JUSTICE  MONITORING COMMITTEE                                                                       

469.  Establishment of the Administration of Criminal Justice Monitoring Committee.

470.  Functions of the Committee.  

471.  Secretariat of the Committee.

472.  Fund of the Committee.

473.  Annual estimates and accounts.

474.  Annual report.

475.  Power to obtain information.

476.  Proceedings and quorum of the Committee.

PART  47 – TRIAL OF CORPORATION

477.  Interpretation under this Part.

478.  Plea by corporation.

479.  Information against a corporation.

480.  Joinder of counts in same information.

481.  Power of representative.

482.  Matters to be read, said or explained to representative.

483.  Non-appearance of representative.

484.  Saving under this Part and joint charge against corporation and individual.

PART 48 -APPEAL FROM MAGISTRATE COURTS TO HIGH COURTS

485.  Appeals from magistrate  courts.

PART  49 – FEES AND MISCELLAJ\.TEOUS PROVISIONS

486.  Payment of fees.

487.  Suspension of payment of fees.

488.  State not required to pay fees.

489.  Use of forms in Schedules.

490.  Power to make rules of Court.

491.  Non-compliance.

492.  Saving as to other forms  and procedure.

493.  Repeals.

494.  Interpretation.

495.  Citation.

Schedule

ADMINISTRATION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT, 2015

An  Act   to  provide   for  the  administration   of  criminal justice  in  the  courts   of  the  Federal  Capital Territory and other federal courts in Nigeria;  and  for related matters.

[Commencement.]

ENACTED  by the National Assembly  of the Federal Republic  of Nigeria:

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ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO THE LAWS OF NIGERIA (UPDATED)

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LAWS MADE BY THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF NIGERIA [BY YEARS]

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