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CHILD’S RIGHTS LAW
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
1. Paramount Interest of a Child.
2. Protection and care of a Child.
3. Right to survival.
4. Right to name.
5. Freedom of association and peaceful assembly
6. Freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
7. Right to private home, and family life.
8. Right to freedom of movement.
9. Right to freedom from discrimination.
10. Right to the dignity of the Child.
11. Right to leisure, recreation and cultural activities.
12. Right to health services.
13. Right to personal care.
14. [Right to basic education]
15. Right of a child in need of special protection measures.
16. Right of the unborn child to protection against harm, etc.
17. Contractual rights of the child.
18. Responsibilities of the child.
19. Duty of parents with respect to child responsibilities.
20. Prohibition of child marriage.
21. Prohibition of child betrothal.
22. Exposure of a child to use of any psychotropic substances.
23. Use of children in other criminal activities.
24. Abduction or unlawful removal or transfer of a child from lawful custody
25. Prohibition of exploitative labour.
26. Abuse of children, e.g. buying, selling, hiring, etc.
27. Sexual intercourse with a child.
28. Other forms of sexual abuse and exploitation.
29. [Other forms of sexual abuse and exploitation.]
30. Prohibition of recruitment of children into armed forces.
31. Prohibition of importation of harmful publication.
32. Power to issue warrant of arrest.
33. Power of Court order forfeiture, etc.
34. Removal of jurisdictional limitation of Magistrates, etc.
35. Application of criminal Law provisions.
36. Child assessment orders.
37. Order for emergency protection of children.
38. Duration of emergency protection orders.
39. Children taken into police protection in cases of emergency.
40. Duty of State Government to investigate.
41. Disclosure of children in need of emergency protection.
42. Refuge for children at risk.
43. Rules and regulations under this Law.
44. Children in need of care.
45. Power of Court to issue order.
46. Power of Court to order parent.
47. Care and supervision orders
48. Time limit for care order.
49. Effect of care order.
50. Parental contacts with children in care.
51. Duty of supervisors.
52. Education supervision orders.
53. Power of Court proceedings.
54. Interim care Orders.
55. Discharge and Variation.
56. Orders pending appeals in cases relating to care or supervision orders.
57. Power of Court to require us of scientific tests.
58. Consents required for taking of blood and other scientific samples.
59. Directions for the use of blood.
60. Failure to comply with direction for taking of scientific samples.
61. Acquisition of parental responsibility.
62. Orders as to custody.
63. Validity of custody agreed to in separation deeds.
64. Principle relating to custody.
65. Court to have regard to conduct of Parent.
66. Power of Court as to production of child.
67. Power of Court to order repayment of cost of bringing up child.
68. Power of Court to consult child’s wishes.
69. Power of Court as to child’s religious education.
70. Enforcement of order for payment of money by attachment of income
71. Notice of change of address.
72. Power to make orders, etc. As to custody of children.
73. Prohibition against acquiring custody of a child.
74. Effect of guardianship.
75. Guardianship of a child.
76. Appointment of guardians.
77. Requirement of consent.
78. Revocation of guardianship.
79. Power of guardians over estate of child.
80. Disputes between joint guardians.
81. Appointment of guardian ad litem
82. Regulations of Appointment of guardians ad litem.
83. Right of guardian ad litem to have access to records.
84. Saving of existing orders and jurisdiction of the Court.
85. Jurisdiction of Court.
86. Wardship proceedings.
87. Maintenance of ward of court.
88. Committal of ward to care of appropriate authority. Etc.
89. Matrimonial causes.
90. Dismissal of application for wardship
91. Rules for application for wardship.
92. Application for Fostering.
93. Children to be fostered.
94. Making a fostering order.
95. Limit on number of children who may be fostered.
96. Restriction on the making of a fostering order.
97. Consent to fostering.
98. Further conditions for making of fostering orders.
99. Interim orders.
100. Rules of Court.
102. Rights and duties of foster parents and other persons.
103. Effect of fostering on maintenance order.
104. Fostered Children’s Register.
105. Visit to fostered child by Child Development Officers.
106. Revocation of the foster order on grounds of interest of the child.
107. Prohibition of receiving money or reward as inducement to foster a child.
108. Prohibition of taking or sending fostered child out of State or Nigeria.
109. Prohibition of withdrawal of a child from the care of the applicant.
110. Foster parent prohibited from marrying fostered Child.
111. Private arrangement for fostering children.
112. Welfare of children fostered privately.
113. Persons disqualified from fostering children privately.
114. Power of State Government to prohibit private fostering.
115. Establishment of adoption services.
116. Application for adoption.
117. Religious upbringing of adopted child.
118. Persons who may be adopted.
119. Persons who may adopt.
120. Power to make adoption orders.
121. Restrictions on the making of adoption orders.
122. Required consent.
123. Conditions preceding the making of an adoption order.
124. Power of Court to impose terms and conditions.
125. Interim orders pending adoption orders.
126. Jurisdiction of the Court.
127. Rules of Court.
129. Adoption where corrective order is in force.
130. Adoption where maintenance order is in force.
131. Effect of adoption.
132. Establishment of the Adopted Children’s Register.
133. Licence to give child for inter-State adoption.
134. Recognition of other Adoption.
135. Visit to adopted children by Child Development Officers.
136. Establishment of the Family Court.
137. Court to have two levels.
138. General jurisdiction.
139. Family Court at the High Court level.
140. Family Court at the Magisterial.
141. Training of Court personnel.
142. Right to Counsel.
143. Exclusion of persons from attending Court.
144. Prohibition of publication of child’s name.
145. Proceedings to be in the interest of the child.
146. Attendance of parents, guardian or child at the hearing in the Court.
147. Evidence given by a child.
149. Exclusive Jurisdiction
150. Child minders.
151. Conditions for child minders.
152. Conditions to be complied with by persons providing day care of children.
153. Cancellation of registration.
154. Protection of children in emergency in cases of cancellation of registration, etc.
155. Inspection of premises.
156. Notice of intent.
157. Offences under this.
158. Provision for children with special needs.
159. Provision of care for pre-school children with special needs.
160. Review of day care and child minding centres.
161. Provision of accommodation for children.
162. Provision of accommodation for children in Police protection, detention or on remand.
163. Children being cared for by the State.
164. Duty of the State.
165. Provision of accommodation.
166. Advice and assistance.
167. Restriction of liberty.
168. Review of cases and inquiries into representations.
169. Co-operation between authorities.
170. Educational Authorities.
171. Cost of providing services.
173. Establishment of community.
174. Discontinuance of Homes.
175. Determination of disputes relating to controlled and assisted Community homes.
176. Closure of Community Homes.
177. Provision of accommodation by voluntary organisations.
178. Registration and regulation of Voluntary Homes.
179. Schedule 9.
180. Duties of the State
181. Registration of children’s homes
182. Welfare of children’s homes
183. Disqualification of Employees.
184. Inspection of children’s homes.
186. Private Inquiry.
187. Financial Support
188. Research and returns of information.
189. Default Local Government.
190. Child to be subjected to only child justice system and processes.
191. Protection of privacy.
192. Professional education and training.
193. The Nigeria Police force.
195. Disposal of cases.
196. Legal Rights of a child.
197. Arresting a child.
199. Jurisdiction of Court.
200. Right to fair hearing and compliance with the process.
201. Guiding principles in adjudication.
202. Attendance in Court.
203. Child justice procedure.
204. Remands and committals.
205. Social inquiry Reports.
206. Order of fine.
207. Restriction on punishment.
208. Detention in certain crimes.
209. A Child Offender.
211. Accommodation duty of the State.
213. Binding over.
214. Corrective orders.
215. Suspension of corrective orders.
216. Extension of corrective order.
217. Leave of absence in detention.
218. Arrest without warrant.
219. Unruly or depraved Children
220. Implementation of non-institutional orders.
221. Assistance during rehabilitation.
222. Voluntary Service
223. Institutional treatment.
224. Conditional release.
226. Supervision officers.
227. Supervision Inspectors and Supervision Inspection Service.
228. Supervision order of the Commissions.
229. Discharge and Supervision order of the Court
230. Person named in a supervision order.
231. Supervision officer may be relieved of duties.
232. Duties of supervision officer.
233. Vary supervision order.
234. Approved institutions.
235. Establishment of Approved Institutions
236. Declaration of building, etc. As an approved Institution.
237. Children Attendance Centres, etc.
238. Director to Charge Approved Institution.
240. Visitors and visiting Committees.
241. Appointment of voluntary visitors.
242. Facilities for observation of children and youths in approved institutions.
243. Transfer from Children or Youth Correctional Centre to Special Children or Special Youth correction Centre.
244. Release from approved institutions, etc.
245. Release and post-release supervision. Release and supervision after training at the Children or youth Correctional Centres.
246. Post-release supervision of children or youth offenders.
247. State Implementation Committee.
248. Functions of the State Committee.
249. Procedure at meetings.
250. Secretariat of the State Committee.
251. Local Government Implementation Committee.
252. Functions of the Local Government Committee.
253. Procedure, etc. At meetings.
254. Secretariat of Local Government Committee.
255. Offences by bodies corporate.
256. Service of documents.
257. Supersession and inconsistency.
258. Law to apply throughout the State.
259. Delegation of powers by the Commissioner.
260. Forms in Schedule 11.
263. Citation and Commencement.
CHILD’S RIGHTS LAW 2007
A LAW TO ENFORCE THE RIGHTS AND ADVANCE THE WELFARE OF THE CHILD, AND TO AMEND AND CONSOLIDATE ALL LEGISLATIONS RELATING TO THE PROTECTION AND WELFARE OF THE CHILD IN LAGOS STATE AND FOR OTHER CONNECTED AND INCIDENTAL PURPOSES
(28th May 2007) Commencement.
THE LAGOS STATE HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY enacts as follows:
Paramount Interest of a Child.
1. As from the commencement of this Law, every action concerning a child, undertaken by any Individual, Public or Private Body, Institution, Court of Law, Administrative or Legislative Authority, the best interest of the child shall be the primary consideration.
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